Safety Vault Information Service
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A safety meeting in a nutshell
JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS
A job safety analysis (JSA) helps workers identify and prevent hazards before they happen. Review your company’s operations to determine if you use JSAs. This can include your company’s safe work procedures, operating procedures or even quality analysis.
JSAs, which are also known as job hazards analyses, are a useful tool for any workplace. You can use JSAs to investigate accidents, for job training and to evaluate new equipment. JSAs are also great for identifying and minimizing hazards. They can also help bring employees back to work after an injury as part of a transitional work program.
So who develops a JSA? A variety of employees can help develop your company’s JSAs. You should consider including managers, supervisors, team leaders and anyone with knowledge about a specific job. Be sure to include a job expert – someone who performs the job on a routine basis.
If you have not created JSAs, you should prioritize jobs as listed below.
How to develop a JSA
To develop a JSA, you must first determine and document each step in a job. Use operational documents to start. Next, identify the hazards in each step of the job. Be sure to consider striking objects, falls, burns, exertion, electricity, chemical hazards and vehicles. Finally, recommend a safe procedure for completing the task. The safe procedure can include engineering or administrative controls.
Practice makes perfect when it comes to creating JSAs. You can use an actual job to get started; or have a group write a mock JSA on a simple task (e.g., making a peanut butter sandwich). Examples of the job steps include:
The hazards associated may include: dropping the container causing a cut; strain from opening the jar; being cut by the knife; and choking. Some solutions include: wearing steel-toe safety shoes; using proper opening tools; wearing cut-resistant gloves; and providing training in first aid for choking. Once you have developed JSAs, have safety personnel and/or upper management review the documents. Ensure each job step has a corresponding potential hazard and a safe procedure. Ensure the documents are accessible to all employees. Some companies post these documents in the work area or on a machine; some companies include them in operating manuals.
Choose a job to focus on, and then have the group discuss:
OSHA "Job Hazard Analysis" Publication 3071, www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3071.pdf
BWC JSA one-hour presentation, www.ohiobwc.com/downloads/blankpdf/JSAOneHour.ppt
For more information: Contact the Association office for recommended programs, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration, or your state Workers’ Comp department.
-- from the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation Safety Leaders Guide, 2009